Before the Flood: 5 Easy Changes to Make a Big Difference

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As you may well know, Leonardo DiCaprio’s (*swoon*) highly-anticipated climate change documentary – Before the Flood – was released last week and is available to watch for free on the National Geographic’s YouTube channel until midnight tonight… I realise that if this is the first you’ve heard about it, then it is very short notice but DROP ALL YOUR PLANS. This is THE most important film you will watch this year. In fact, it’s possibly THE most important film you will have watched in your life so far.

I believe that anyone who really cares about our planet and the natural environment will feel a pivotal ‘tipping point’ at the end of a film. A realisation that…

Your ignorance means your contribution to the destruction of our planet.

I had that very feeling, that ‘no turning back’ feeling, after I watched 350.org’s Do the Math in July last year. I reached the end of the film, had a gentle sob and a hard think, then I decided to finally make some life changes.

So, if you have just watched Before the Flood and are feeling overwhelmed as to how you can help reverse Climate Change (and trust me, I have felt that feeling of hopelessness many a time!), then have a read of these 5 Easy Changes to Make a Big Difference:

  1. Switch your energy supplier to a renewable one, such as Ecotricity. This might sound like a big palaver but I’ve been through it recently and Ecotricity do all the leg work for you. This is also one of the easiest ways to pull your money away from fossil fuel companies, and you won’t find the bills to be much more expensive.
  2. Do some research into where your money is invested, and make sure it’s invested in green projects. Have you ever thought about where your pension is being spent? It could be being invested in fossil fuels…
  3. Check where your bank invests its money, and take action if need be. Did you know that Barclay’s are funding fracking projects? Well, to be fair, it’s not something they’re going to be shouting about. Move Your Money is a fantastic website, campaigning to stop banks from investing in dodgy dealings. The top 5 worst banks for investment in fossil fuels are HSBC, Barclays, Lloyds Bank, RBS and Santander. Move Your Money makes it easy for you to email the bank directly, threatening to switch banks if they don’t divest.
  4. Reduce your meat consumption. As Before the Flood highlights, around about 10-12% of total US greenhouse gas emissions come from the production of meat. We’re not America, true, but we can help offset their damages. Research led by Oxford Martin School finds widespread adoption of vegetarian diet would cut food-related emissions by 63% and make people healthier too. (The Guardian)
  5. Get active! Join an activist/volunteer group with organisations such as Greenpreace, BP or not BP, or Friends of the Earth. There are all sorts of fun campaigns to get involved with, to suit everyone, all over the country.

 

I do all 5 of the above (practice what you preach and all that) and it makes me feel a lot more positive about the future, and I hope that I’ve inspired some people along the way…

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Spider Monkey Sunday at Herne Hill Market

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I spent my Sunday morning campaigning and sweating uncontrollably in a spider monkey costume provided by Greenpeace HQ. Well, that makes it sound like I spent all morning in there… I actually managed just 45 minutes. It was unbearable after a while; it was like a sauna inside!

Herne Hill Market gave us a stall right next to the train station and the cash machine which was a prime position. I think Sunday markets are a fantastic venue for street campaigning if you can get your hands on a stall, because there are guaranteed to be lots of people milling keen to discover things. More importantly, these people are more likely to take the time to listen as it’s Sunday and nobody is in any rush to do their shopping unlike supermarket shoppers.

There were lots of families with small children around, and there were mixed emotions as far as the spider monkey was concerned… One little girl loved the costume so much; she was laughing non-stop, repeatedly gave me high fives and was dancing with me. Another little girl took one look at me, burst into tears and kept saying “scary monkey mummy!” Either way, it got us the attention we wanted. Rule number one of street campaigning: engage the kids = engage the parents!

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Greenpeace Southwark (yes, part of Herne Hill is counted as Southwark!) were stationed there to raise awareness of the Greenpeace: Save the Heart of the Amazon campaign. The heart of the Amazon rainforest is under threat. A series of monster dams could flood a huge area around the TapajĂłs river, destroying the home of Indigenous People and rare wildlife, including spider monkeys. But one Indigenous community, the Munduruku, are fighting back – and Greenpeace are backing them.

The largest of the planned dams had its permit cancelled back in August after more than a million of us campaigned against it. If we get enough people to join the movement the Brazilian government will have to protect the heart of the Amazon for good. We’re also undermining the foundations of the whole project by putting pressure on Siemens, who are one of the only companies who can provide the turbines for these hydropower dams.

I listened to a recommended Energydesk podcast on my way to the market called Damning the Amazon: The Fight for the TapajĂłs River where Helle Abelvik-Lawson explains how the Brazilian government are claiming that the hydropower dams will create clean energy with 0% carbon emissions. Great right?! WRONG. This is pure green-washing because in the flooding of huge areas of rainforest, comes the killing of thousands of trees and, as these trees decompose, they emit methane gas which in the short term is actually a worse greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide…

What’s more, the Brazilian government can then sell this ‘clean’ energy twice over as ‘carbon credits’ to ‘balance out’ countries producing high levels of carbon emissions. WHAT?! This has to be stopped.

We had a lot of fun and a really productive session, getting a total of 53 postcards to send to the chief exec of Siemens UK.  It was great to speak to people who had absolutely no idea about the planned dams; it’s always good to come away from a street campaign knowing that you’ve raised awareness.

Eco Interview: Rhys Ellis, fashion designer and recent Birmingham City graduate

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A couple of weeks ago, I attended Graduate Fashion Week to see my hugely-talented sister’s collection in all its glory, for the first time, paraded down the catwalk. It was a hedonistic combination of feminine rose-gold, ethereal tulle and striking black leather strappings. Take a look at her website, her name is Alice Elizabeth Brown and she’s going to be the next big thing in fashion – you heard it here first.

Whilst Alice’s work was obviously the best and without-a-doubt my favourite, I was also blown-away by Rhys Ellis’ collection which was made entirely from recycled Nespresso capsules. Of course, I loved the environmental angle of his collection and wanted to know more about the thought-processes behind the designs – so I asked him a few questions…

Rhys Ellis Fashion Designer Nespresso Capsules

 

I understand that your collection was made out of Nescafe Nespresso capsules… what was the creation process? 

The creation process was extremely repetitive and time consuming. Before the process actually started, I had to collect the used Nespresso capsules from across the UK and Italy and then clean them. Once the capsules were emptied and polished, I could then begin creating the material. The material was created by using the chain mail technique which made it suitable for me to drape around the female form.

Wow, that sounds long… just how long do you think this took? How many hours did you spend on each item?

I think this has been the most popular question asked. The material took on average 144 hours to create per dress. As for creating the garment, I would be taking a wild guess as I am constantly changing and refining each design so the dresses didn’t stop changing until they walked onto the runway.

Did you encounter any extra problems using these materials, as opposed to a generic fabric?

No, as the material was made using the chain mail technique, it made it possible to create shapes and movement which a generic fabric wouldn’t allow.

Rhys Ellis Fashion Designer Nespresso Capsules

How did you manage to source so many used capsules?

I had to network with hotels, bars and small businesses across the UK and Italy. Alongside the businesses helping me, word of mouth had a huge impact on the contribution of used coffee capsules. In the end, around 30 families were sending me their coffee capsules.

What gave you the idea for your collection?

When I was living in Milan, I met a women that used Nespresso capsules to create ear rings. I then decided to develop this idea into a material.

Has this project made you think more about your impact on the environment?

Of course, when you compare the amount of capsules I’ve used within the collection compared to the amount used around the world. It’s a horrible thought to know that these small capsules are going to end up in a landfill, left to damage our environment.

I understand you came across some pretty shocking facts about the waste associated with Nespresso capsules. What did you find out?

Nespresso capsules produce methane, also know as CH4, which is a greenhouse gas with more than 20 times the global warming capacity of carbon dioxide. Also, a quote in The Grocer (supermarket trade magazine) said ‘one in two people in Britain said that they believed “coffee pods are very bad for the environment”, 22% of those asked, said they owned their own machine.

What’s next? What are your plans for the future?

I am currently developing ideas for the Autumn/Winter collection. My plans are to create under my own name, searching for a studio and a platform in which I can showcase my collections.

 

 

More astonishing Nespresso stats (taken from Rhys’ portfolio):

  • Each outfit contains 4,000-5,000 Nespresso capsules with the total collection reaching 30,000 recycled capsules with an estimated value of ÂŁ870,000 (Rhys is still receiving capsules and he reckons that their total original worth now reaches beyond ÂŁ1m!)
  • Nespresso states that 12,300 capsules are used per minute globally, which is 6.4 billion a year. Even if half are being recycled, that means that over 3,200 metric tons of aluminium is being sent to landfills annually.
  • 75% of Britons drink coffee, 48% drink coffee pods.
  • In the last year, more than ÂŁ112 million worth of coffee capsules were sold in the UK, up by a third since 2014.
  • Analysts expect sales to treble 2020, at which point coffee capsule sales could overtake those of tea bags.

 

3 Sustainable and Ethical Clothing Brands to Write Home About

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One of my eco-goals which I mentioned last year when I posted The Ultimate Eco Bucket-List was to only buy clothes from labels with sustainable and ethical practices. A year on and I’m finally making an effort to put this goal into action.

I’ve done a lot of research into clothing brands recently and here I wanted to share with you my favourite 3, which I believe cover 3 very different clothing needs: casual, occasional and outdoor…


People Tree – for casual staples and work wear.

Having not earned a proper salary for 6 months now, I’ve hardly been able to splurge on updating my wardrobe with lots of items – especially as sustainable and ethical clothing is rightfully more expensive. So I recently made one classic purchase from People Tree to see me through work to the weekend. People Tree can be expensive but you should keep an eye out for their sales via their newsletter because they are frequent! I bought these hand-woven, wide-leg trousers when I saw a 20% discount code:

People Tree Side Wrap Trousers

On the website, it tells you exactly where and how the piece was made. For example, my trousers were made by Swallows – a fair trade group working with women in rural Bangladesh – using hand-woven cotton.

When they arrived, I was pleased from the minute I saw the packaging: everything was recyclable and made from recycled materials. The trousers are exactly as advertised and I can tell that the fabric used, and it’s finishes, are of the highest quality. I can’t wait to wear them for the first time on the day of my sister’s Graduate Fashion Week catwalk show!

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Under People Tree’s section entitled ‘Our Story’, the company talks about Sustainability and states the aims of its Eco Policy:

  • to promote natural and organic farming
  • to avoid polluting substances
  • to protect water supplies
  • to use biodegradable substances where possible
  • to recycle materials where possible

 

Mayamiko – for colourful African prints and quirky designs.

Now this brand proves that you don’t need to spend a fortune to be an ethical buyer – with prices from ÂŁ19 for a top. I love the pieces in the Kukonda Collection, especially this jumpsuit (below left):

Sustainable and ethical clothing Mayamiko

But if you want to go full sustainable the best collection to buy from is the Rebirth Upcycled Collection.

Mayamiko state that they are ‘committed to producing ethically’, and that they ‘adhere to the Ethical Trade Initiative’s principles (ETI)’. Their employment policy includes:

  • No forced labour
  • Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining
  • Safe and hygienic working conditions
  • No child labour
  • Living wages
  • No discrimination
  • No excessive working hours
  • Regular employment to be provided
  • No harsh or inhumane treatment
  • Training and professional development for all employees
  • A nutritious meal every day
  • Life skill sensitization and individual support
  • Support to set up independent businesses and cooperatives when desired
  • Financial education and access to microfinance, loans and grants
  • Pension scheme and gratuity

I also particularly like that the company ‘operates a ‘Zero Waste’ workshop where even the smallest piece of fabric is transformed in value-add items, both for export and for the local community’


 

PĂĄramo – for waterproofs, base-layers, outdoor gear, etc.

My mum is a big fan of PĂĄramo and introduced me to them recently when we were having a mooch around the shops in Betws-Y-Coed.

Påramo was the first company to sign up to the Greenpeace Detox commitment which means that the brand has vowed to exclude hazardous chemicals from their garment production. Unfortunately, most outdoor brands are wedded to PFC-based materials because they are water repellent. But these waterproof fabrics release or break down to form extremely toxic, persistent PFCs (Perfluorinated Compounds) which are now found in even the most pristine environments. Evidence that these chemicals can cause hormone disruption, cancer and immune suppression in children has led Greenpeace to campaign for a ban on PFC use. What is even more scary is that PFCs tend to bioaccumulate and store themselves within the bodies of humans and animals!

Påramo use Nikwax waterproof fabrics and treatments as an alternative, delivering high performance without the use of PFCs.

Paramo Clothing

And if that wasn’t enough to love, this brand also practices fair trade within its factories in Colombia – which make 80% of PĂĄramo’s range – empowering vulnerable women. Colombia has one of the largest numbers of internally displaced people worldwide, with 10% of the population having been forced to flee their homes due to conflict and violence. Displacement makes women and girls vulnerable to violence, prostitution and drug abuse. Having created a partnership with the Miquelina Foundation back in 1992, the brand ensures that 200 women are employed, 400 women are trained, and 200 children attend nursery, each year. The cooperative has also built over 130 houses so far, giving the women an opportunity to buy property at a fair price.

Oh yeah, and they also run a recycling scheme where they take back any item of clothing (except underwear) and either find it a new home or recycle it into new fabric. They offer up to ÂŁ50 off a new PĂĄramo purchase as a reward too!

PĂĄramo proves the power that clothing brands have to make a difference – if they would just choose to alter their manufacturing processes and their motives.

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I’ve been away…

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You might have noticed that I haven’t posted anything in a long time. I’ve been away on a 6-month sabbatical making the most of this beautiful planet. When it comes to my endeavours towards eco-friendly living, air travel is most definitely my big downfall. It’s one of those tragic dichotomies in life; I’m one of many who care about the future of the planet because they love to travel whether by plane/car/ship, and have seen how amazing the world is – and how vulnerable some ecosystems and civilisations are – and they want to protect it.

So, I spent 4 months of this time doing a ski season in Meribel, French Alps – something that I have wanted to do since I started skiing aged 14. It gave a whole new meaning to the word ‘work hard, play hard’; I worked such long hours and I was physically exhausted about 90% of the time, but being able to ski every day and avoid the miserable winter months in London was SO worth it.

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Spot me and my tattoo!

With the tips that I made, I managed to save most of my actual wages (something I could never have done living in London!) and I booked a 3-week trip to Singapore and Lombok, and a 5-day trip to Copenhagen for the space of time left before starting back at work. I used to live in Singapore; I spent the two years of my A-levels living with my Dad out there and going Tanglin Trust British International School. But that was 6 years ago now, and I was desperate to go back and see what had changed/see all my favourite things about Singapore again.

South Lombok was exactly what we wanted; it was a quiet, surfer’s paradise. We’d been told by friends of ours to forget Bali and go to this less developed island where you’ll find less drunken Aussies and generally less people in the water to compete with for waves. So we chose a place called Gerupuk which had a secluded bay with 4 main breaks and was supposed to be better for intermediate surfers.

Wooden surf boat Lombok

Every morning we woke up at 6am for a sunrise surf. We’d hire one of the colourful wooden boats to take us out to the reef break called Inside. Then we’d hop out, surf for a couple of hours then jump back in the boat and get back in time for an omelette and fresh fruit breakfast. Paradise!

The only thing that concerned me about Lombok was the amount of plastic that I saw floating in the water whilst we sailed through the bay. In Kuta, there was also often a shocking amount of plastic waste dumped at the side of the road. There didn’t seem to be any sort of recycling system put in place by the Indonesian government, and it made me wonder whether this was just the case in Lombok or whether it was Indonesia-wide. I really hope that the government does something to resolve this issue soon, and that Indonesians can see the benefit of sorting their waste properly, for the good of the environment but also for tourism – tourists are expecting a tropical paradise island after all.

The highlight of the trip for James and I was definitely our 2 day trek up the Mount Rinjani volcano. It was probably one of the best things I have ever done, or will ever do. I found this article on The 50 Best Hikes in the World and it’s featured there. We started the hike from 600 metres, camped at the crater rim, and woke up at 2am to reach the summit at 3,726 metres in time to watch the sunrise. There’s nothing like 3 hours of trudging up steep volcanic sand in the pitch black to test your personality. That view though was unlike anything I have ever seen though! You could see the entirety of Lombok and beyond to Bali and the Gili Islands.

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Mount Rinjani is a somma volcano, which means a new active volcano has formed in the caldera.

But now I’m home, Flickthegreen is back from her hibernation and itching to get writing again. I’ve got some article ideas on sustainable clothing, so these should be up on the blog in the next couple of weeks!

People’s Climate March #COP21

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Can you spot Mum? Hint: she's the one on the left looking right at the camera with a beaming smile!

Can you spot Mum? Hint: she’s the one on the left looking right at the camera with a beaming smile!

 

Mum and I took to the streets of Liverpool for the People’s Climate March on Sunday – and we were papped by the Liverpool Echo!

I would have liked to have been a part of the madness in London but I’m proud to have been part of this smaller scale march. I think the fact that lots of peripheral cities worldwide were involved in the demonstration would have made our message to the world leaders at the climate summit in Paris all the stronger.

 

Me at Climate March in Liverpool

Me with my homemade banner!

Eco Interview: Debbie Luffman from Finisterre – cold water surf clothing

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Finisterre's Debbie Luffman

Debbie Luffman, Product Director at Finisterre

 

James and I spent a weekend down in St Agnes, Cornwall, a couple of weeks ago to take advantage of the hefty swell that Storm Abigail was sending our way. We surfed with a seal down at Carbis Bay, sampled the finest in local beer at Driftwood Spars Brewery, and generally had the most relaxing, lovely time despite the grim weather.

After our morning surf on the Saturday, we decided to check out the Wheel Kitty Workshops in St Agnes which we knew were home to the Surfers Against Sewage and Finisterre HQs.

Surfers Against Sewage is an environmental charity which aims to monitor, prevent and clean-up the pollution of British seas and coastline, and Finisterre is a clothing brand focussing on keeping cold water surfers toasty warm – whilst keeping their environmental impact to a minimum.

We had a peek in Finisterre’s workshop and had a chat with some of the team. When I got home, I emailed Debbie Luffman, the Product Director, to ask a few further questions about Finisterre’s product and the environment…

 

Finisterre stands for, and commits to, three things: Product, Environment and People. How do you ensure the brand has minimum impact on the environment?

As a brand in the business of creating product, we know that all our sourcing, design and manufacturing decisions will have an impact on the environment, but what we can do is select fibres, processes and products which have the least impact possible. This is not a simple selection however, but it comes down to three essential design questions:

  • Fit for purpose? A product which is designed to perform to its required needs and built to last will be more durable and last over time and will not need to be replaced by the user. This is the most sustainable design achievable.
  • Is an alternative fibre available? When we develop new fabrics, where possible, we source organic, cellulosic or recycled fibres.
  • Can it be easily repaired/recycled? We design product with components which can be easily broken down and repaired, and we offer a repair service at the Finisterre workshop. We also try to select fabrics which can be recycled.
  • Can it be produced closer to point of manufacture? We are committed to shrinking our supply chain, this sometimes means working closer to home, but also sourcing the best fabrics and components from the same region as the factory assembling our products. This minimises processes, transportation and the overall carbon footprint.

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How do you go about sourcing sustainable and durable materials?

We work with some of the best mills in the world, including Belgium, Italy and Japan. Japan in particular pioneered the business of recycled polyester and nylon, and also carbon-free membranes and water-repellent finishes, through our longterm relationship with our Japanese mills, we are able to improve and control the chemical processes used in our products.


 

Back in August, in accordance with your iSpy transparency programme, you announced that you’ve moved some of your production to China. It caused quite a stir, especially with some of your Facebook fans. Is there anything that you do to try and minimise that carbon footprint?

The move we made was in the assembly of our garments, for some reason the standard and accepted label on all garments ‘made in’ only calls to question where product is assembled – Our fabrics and zips were always sourced from China and Japan and therefore we were shipping these fabrics and components to Europe for garment assembly. There is a larger impact on made up garments, but our products use lightweight insulation and don’t weigh as much as heavy jackets and we minimise this impact by shipping, rather than airing goods. We are also committed where possible to sourcing fabrics and components closer to our China factory to minimise transportation impact within the supply chain.

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Unfortunately we live in a society where ‘fast fashion’ has fostered a love for large wardrobes at low prices. Finisterre clothing may be considered a little pricey, but it’s built to last. What goes into ensuring that Finisterre clothing has that lasting quality?

We don’t believe our products should only last a season, so we avoid prints and fabrics which have a fleeting aesthetic. We work with our suppliers to develop the highest spec fabrics to ensure durability and all fabric is testing against pilling, stretching, fading and shrinking. We don’t believe in washing fabrics to create pre-aged or distressed effects and prefer that our products are delivered new and can be worn-in individually to the wearer.


 

British wool is at the centre of Finisterre’s fabric development. What’s so rad about using wool?

Don’t get me started! It is fair to say we are a little obsessed with wool. It is just the best fibre for building products designed for surfers and suited for the British climate. It handles moisture incredibly, whether from an activity point of view, absorbing and moving away moisture from your skin, as well as externally – holding onto humidity in the atmosphere and converting it into heat. It maintains the perfect body temperature, creating a personal climate system for the wearer. This fibre lends itself perfectly for next-to-the-skin baselayers, weather-resistant chunky knitwear mid-layers, as well as technical warm and waterproof outer layers. Wool is naturally biodegradeable and we work closely with all suppliers to ensure that animal welfare is at the heart of all our wool sourcing and to ensure full traceability.


 

I visited your factory in St Agnes, Cornwall this weekend and was blown away (almost literally, it was so windy) by the beauty of the location you work in. What’s the best thing about working in the Wheel Kitty Workshops and St Agnes in general?

I feel lucky to work and live in St Agnes, Cornwall. It is a special place and the perfect testing ground for our product. We are all very active people from surfing to dog-walking, the team are a bunch of outdoor nuts and our product is designed around constant feedback and improvement. The workshop can be a very buzzing, dynamic and frenetic environment to work in, but at the end of the day when it is time to switch the lights off in the workshop there is always the welcome sight of the beautiful wild coastline and ocean right in front of me.

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You’ve collaborated with some fantastic, innovative brands recently, such as Dritek. Are there any other brands we should be keeping our eyes on?

We have a number of new colabs underway at the moment, but I’m afraid I can’t give away too many details just yet, but keep your eyes peeled for an innovative new umbrella project, an original cap concept, more PVC free luggage and a very exciting longterm shoe colab.


 

And finally, when can we expect the release of the women’s Nieuwland wetsuit? I’m keen to make it my next winter wetty!

We are anticipating women’s tester suits being ready by AW16. We actually approached the design for the women’s suit adjacent to the men’s. But it was important to us that the women’s wetsuit was given dedicated design focussing on fit, testing, and needs specific to the female surfer, rather than rushing the women’s suit designed around the men’s, so the design is taking a little longer. We’ll be looking for female testers, so watch this space.

 

Finisterre wetsuit

 

Photos borrowed from the Finisterre website.